Paranormal Terms
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~ Paranormal Investigative Tools  ~     

Scientific Tools
Basic Tools:
Notebook and pen (for recording notes)
Extra Batteries
Extra films and recording tapes
Motion Detectors (infrared sensors)
Video Camera
Camera - Any
No matter what type of camera you use, you need to have good flash capabilities for night shooting.   There is nothing like orbs or other anomalies 6 feet from you and your flash will only cover 3 feet of that.  I’ve even used my flash during the day that has brought some good results.
If you’re contemplating buying a camera for capturing anomalies or similar energy patterns, digital cameras will pay themselves off in the long run from the savings of film and development.  They are also very effective in capturing anomalies with the added bonus of being able to see them right after you have taken the picture.  Since orbs pattern energies are infrared and the CCD array on many digital cameras are infrared (IR) sensitive, and film cameras are based on the presence of light, a digital camera is an ideal tool for ghost research.  Since digital cameras are good at detecting where the spirits are located, it is also a good tool for directing others and yourself where to take photos with your 35mm, APS, and/or other cameras.   
When doing spirit photography, remember you are taking photos of anomalies in motion, so you want to use either 400 or 200 speed film for your 35mm and APS cameras.  I would not recommend 800 speed film due to its grainy appearance to your photos. I’ve heard Kodak should be used, but I have gotten great photos with Fuji film.  It is best to try out the different brands of film on your own camera to see how the pictures differ.
Make sure you take several rolls of film with you and take a picture whenever you feel or think something is present.  You will have to decide how many rolls you will need.  I can easily use 4 rolls while someone with me will only use 1.
Any recording device can function as your EVP recorder, but those that wind when recording tend to record the winding of the tape.  A regular and/or digital recorder that is separated from the winding mechanisms is your best bet to getting good clear electric voice recordings of unseen entities.  If you have a recorder that you can attach a mike to, that would be your best choice.
It is best not to walk around with your recorder due to picking up your footsteps and/or the rustling of your clothes as you walk.  It is not a good choice to leave your recorder on your car for recording that will pick up the pings and other noises associated with the cooling and shutting down of your vehicle.  The best thing to do is either stop and be quiet for a few minutes while recording, or set your recorder down on a grave and asks questions to the spirits as you stand very still.  It is important that you don’t have background noises going on around you because they will distort or may override the voice patterns from unseen sources that you may be investigating.
When listening to your recordings, be sure to listen to the background noises.  Often nestled in the background sounds, the spirit(s) are talking to you or making statements to you in just minutes or less, so it is important that you make sure you discount the voices of those in your group.
Remember when you record during an investigation, never belittle or make fun at the object of your investigation or you will be asking for trouble.  If there is someone like this in your group, you need to ask them to leave.  Negativity breeds negativity. Just use common sense and keep your manners in check.  
Camcorders should be set on a tripod and left to just run.  Some paranormal investigators set theirs on auto focus while others like to find a point to focus on.  This is something you need to experiment with to see what works best for you.
Let the energy patterns come to you.  A tool that has been known to attract anonymous energy patterns are common strobe lights that can be found at a Radio Shack.
Sony Night Shot camcorders are great due to the ability to record in total darkness.  You can also us an external IR light to increase the range from 10 feet to 60 feet.  With other camcorders, using a flashlight or the camcorders night light can be useful.
EMF Detection Meters
Showing disruptions in the natural electro magnetic field of locations, they can be used to provide authentic evidence of paranormal activity with 0.1 to 1.5 being normal readings, 7.0 meaning you have picked up man made objects such as an electrical line.  An entity will usually read between these two readings.  The energy that often is manifested during ‘events or hauntings’ gives off - whether it’s a conscious spirit or a residual image, will cause a disruption in a location's magnetic field and thus, becomes detectable using measuring devices such as the Electro Magnetic Field Detector Meter.
Tri-Field Natural EM Meter
The tri-field natural EM meter is a very sensitive device that will even pick up electro magnetic fields off of living persons. Originally designed to read the activity of geo-magnetic storms, it can be useful in an investigation. The user should place the meter in a stationary location and allow it to pick up movement in the extended range around it.
Three-Axis Digital Gaussmeter
rapidly shows changes in paranormal investigations and detects magnetic fields emissions and fluctuations with accuracy.
Remote IR Thermal Probe-Meter (Thermal Scanner)
measures temperatures down to 0 degrees and is essential in investigations for measuring extreme changes in temperature and paranormal activity.  It takes instant readings by pushing the trigger and has a back lighted display for viewing in dark locations.  Spirit energies patterns (orbs) can be up to 15 degrees colder than the surrounding area.  Verification of an unseen energy anomaly's location can be made by first finding the unusual cold spot and then quickly capturing it on camera.
IR Motion Detector
picks up activity and intruders in controlled area using 360 degrees Passive Infrared motion detection.
Hygro-Thermometer Clock
checks out humidity levels & temperature in your investigation site
The Ion Detector
Device can be adjusted to measure negative ions for paranormal investigations. Like with an electro-magnetic field detector, the ions in the air will measure a high disturbance when spirit energy is present.
Will often pick up the magnetic influences of unknown nomadic energy patterns,  known to point towards unseen energy sources or even go crazy in all directions when paranormal anomalous energy is present.
Metaphysical Tools           
Caution!  The divination tools should not to be used by novices who are unfamiliar with the occult.  They are
The following are metaphysical tools that can be utilized in an investigations.   Use of the tools alone may provide insight into the anomaly but will not in themselves provide measurable scientific proof during an event.  They should be used in-conjunction with traditional scientific tools to add any true value during  a scientific investigation.   
Ouija Boards
An ancient tool utilized as far back in the days of  the ancient Greek philosopher - Pythagoras, about 540 B.C.  Needless to say,  his version was not as refined as the boards utilized in today's modern societies.  According to historians, his sect held frequent séances or circles at which "a mystic table moving on wheels, moved towards signs which the philosopher and his pupils interpreted to the audience as being revelations supposedly from the unseen world."  The Ouija is genuinely ancient in its origins.  Ouija was nothing less than common folk knowledge throughout the centuries,  the invention and discovery of many throughout time.  It's use was revived in the modern era in 1892 by William Fuld, who purchased the rights to the item and filed for a patent.  At the time his version of the device was simply called "Oriole Talking boards."
Individuals trained to utilize the board have had excellent results in communicating with (choose one depending upon your train of thought)  :  (a)  unseen entities  or  (b) psychokinetic thought forms  
Ancient tool utilized similarly like Ouija Boards but slightly limited in the responses it can deliver.  Practitioners will first determine the direction for YES or NO answers for the thought form or entity to answer. After Stilling the pendulum, ask the entity, "Show me YES."  It will soon swing in one direction.  It could be side to side, back and forth, or circles.  Once determining the yes answer, Say "Show me NO." It should swing in the opposite direction.   Now ask your questions.  This is considered a divination tool but the source of the energy that causes it to react is debatable between parapsychologist and students of metaphysical studies.  The more one practices with this tool the easier and faster one can adapt to using it in an investigation.  To obtain best results, meditate (focusing your intent on spirit communication) at least 10 minutes prior to its use.
Dowsing Rods
The art of dowsing has been around for centuries, perhaps even thousands of years. It is the oldest form of divination known to man and has been used for a variety of different reasons, including searches for underground water, discovering the location of unmarked graves, determining the sex of unborn children and even locating ghosts.How dowsing actually works remains a mystery, but it has proven to be uncannily accurate over the years. Even the American Society of Dowsers admits that “the reasons the procedures work are entirely unknown.”

The standard practice of dowsing is to search for underground water sources. Many cities, counties and corporations keep a dowser on the payroll. In most cases, a dowser searches an area with either a Y-shaped rod or two L-shaped rods in his hands. He concentrates on what he is looking for and when he finds the right spot, the rods will either bend downwards or will cross over one another. No one knows how this works, it simply does.
To use dowsing rods to find ghosts, most dowsers recommend using two L-shaped rods that have been made from brass or some lightweight metal. Some dowsers even used metal coat hangers, so there is really no standard material. The rods should be about two-foot long and bent into an L-shape, which fits into your hand. Then, hold the short end of the rod so that the longer piece points outward, away from your body. The rods should be held loosely so that they have room to swing easily back and forth.
After that, begin searching the building or location. It has been suggested that it’s possible that by searching, and by concentrating on what you are looking for,  ghosts, anomalous energy and some say even dimensional portals or vortex's, using dowsing rods.
Walk about the location and follow where the rods lead you. They are supposed to point in the direction of any energy they detect. Once you have discovered the energy source, the rods will cross, signaling that the area in question has been found.

Florida Paranormal Research Foundation